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Restoring Waters in the Baltic Sea Region: A Strategy for Municipalities and Local Governments to Capture Economic and Environmental Benefits

Nina Källström | Fredrik Lind | Tomasz Mrozowski | Tuukka Seppä

The Baltic Sea is in a critical state, and eutrophication, caused by excess nutrients in the water, is one of the major threats. Measures to limit human-caused nutrient load have been enacted, but progress has been too slow. The future of the Baltic Sea can be improved by a stronger municipal environmental strategy that would also boost local economies and labor markets. For an average municipality in the Baltic Sea region, addressing eutrophication can create €270 million in gross output and 3,000 full-time jobs by 2030. Within the entire Baltic Sea region, 900,000 jobs could be created by 2030, representing almost 2% of the total labor supply. Read report executive summary in Swedish, Finnish, and Polish.

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