BCG Analysis Finds That Worldwide Food Loss and Waste Will Balloon to 2.1 Billion Tons, Worth $1.5 Trillion, by 2030. But Action by Companies, Governments, and Other Groups Can Stem the Tide
COPENHAGEN—Annual food loss and waste are expected to grow explosively between now and 2030, according to a detailed model developed by The Boston Consulting Group (BCG). However, aggressive action by companies, agricultural players, governments, and others can change that trajectory. The scope of the problem and the opportunity to address it are outlined in a new BCG article, “Tackling the 1.6-Billion-Ton Food Loss and Waste Crisis,” being released today.
The article provides detailed projections through 2030, when food loss and waste are expected to hit 2.1 billion tons, worth $1.5 trillion. It outlines five key drivers of the problem: lack of awareness of the issue among consumers and others, inadequate supply chain infrastructure, supply chain inefficiency, a lack of collaboration among groups across the food value chain, and poorly designed tax and regulatory policies. For each driver, BCG estimated the opportunity to reduce waste and loss, with the total reaching nearly $700 billion annually.
The publication also zeros in on actions companies can take to help combat the problem. Such actions provide a way for companies to address a major societal challenge and deliver business value, an area of increasing focus for BCG. (See Total Societal Impact: A New Lens for Strategy, BCG report, October 2017.)
“Roughly one-third of the food produced around the world goes to waste,” says Esben Hegnsholt, a BCG partner and coauthor of the publication. “This represents a challenge so massive that it was included in the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. But while it is a daunting problem, there are steps that can be taken today, actions that draw on currently available technology and know-how, to dramatically slash food loss and waste across the value chain.”
The Need for Company Leadership
The report identifies 13 concrete initiatives companies can take to address the problem. These include:
The article explains how companies that take action stand to reap tangible business benefits, including lower costs, the opening of new markets and new revenue opportunities, an elevated brand, and an enhanced ability to attract and retain talent.
“While many stakeholders have a part to play in combating food loss and waste, the role of companies is perhaps the most critical,” says Shalini Unnikrishnan, a BCG partner and coauthor of the publication. “Companies are involved in every aspect of the food supply chain, from production through to consumption, and as a result, their decisions and actions have an outsized impact. At the same time, they have deep expertise, insight on potential solutions, and the money to make those solutions happen—which can ultimately help their bottom lines.”
A copy of the article can be downloaded here.
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Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is a global management consulting firm and the world's leading advisor on business strategy. We partner with clients from the private, public, and not-for-profit sectors in all regions to identify their highest-value opportunities, address their most critical challenges, and transform their enterprises. Our customized approach combines deep insight into the dynamics of companies and markets with close collaboration at all levels of the client organization. This ensures that our clients achieve sustainable competitive advantage, build more capable organizations, and secure lasting results. Founded in 1963, BCG is a private company with offices in more than 90 cities in 50 countries.