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Gender Diversity at US Health Care Companies: A Prescription for Progress

Women Make Up More of the US Health Care Workforce Than Men, and They’re More Likely to Be Customers for Health Care. Yet Men Still Run Almost Every Large Company in the Industry. BCG Identified Six Ways to Fix That.

BOSTON—Three out of every four employees at US health care companies are women, far more than in most other industries, yet women are still scarce in the industry’s leadership ranks, according to a new report by Boston Consulting Group (BCG). The report, titled Women Dominate Health Care—Just Not in the Executive Suite, is being released today.

Health care companies clearly have a large pipeline of talented women to groom for leadership positions, yet those women don’t make it to the top. In large organizations, the numbers are even worse. Among the 50 biggest payers, medtech manufacturers, pharmaceutical companies, and providers (200 companies in all), just 19 CEOs are women, including just one in medtech.

“Those numbers are abysmal,” says Michelle Russell, a senior partner at BCG and coauthor of the report. “Health care companies should be better positioned to create gender-balanced leadership teams. They already have the talent in-house—the challenge is for them to capitalize on it.”  

Root Causes

The report points to two root causes. First, women in health care tend to work in administrative functions such as HR, marketing, risk, and legal (along with nursing). By contrast, men are more likely to run operational units that give them profit-and-loss responsibilities—and put them on a faster track to the executive suite. Second, the bulk of child care responsibilities still falls to women. Until companies reliably offer flexible work options and other arrangements to help new parents, women are more likely than men to step off the career path when they have kids.

Diversity Yields Dividends

Clearing a path for more women to advance into leadership roles is more than just a fairness issue; it can yield real benefits. Previous BCG research has found that diverse leadership teams perform better. Their organizations are more innovative and generate higher financial returns. In a volatile health care environment, that kind of fresh thinking can give companies an edge.

“Health care is facing major disruptions from new payment models, digital and e-health, and greater patient involvement in their own care,” says Matt Krentz, a senior partner at BCG and coauthor of the report. “Companies need innovative solutions to compete, but they won’t be able to come up with those ideas if everyone on the leadership team looks the same.”

Six Priorities

The report identified six ways to put women on an equal footing with men:

  • Highlight senior women as role models.
  • Offer sponsorship programs for high-potential women.
  • Standardize performance reviews and promotion decisions on the basis of hard metrics.
  • Hire and promote talent from unconventional sources.
  • Provide flexible work arrangements.
  • Measure what matters.

The report also includes insights from senior women at top health care organizations, including NewYork-Presbyterian, Health Care Service Corporation, the Henry Ford Health System, CVS Health, the Mayo Clinic, and Northwestern Memorial HealthCare.

A copy of the report can be downloaded here.

To arrange an interview with one of the authors, please contact Eric Gregoire at +1 617 850 3783 or

About Boston Consulting Group

Boston Consulting Group partners with leaders in business and society to tackle their most important challenges and capture their greatest opportunities. BCG was the pioneer in business strategy when it was founded in 1963. Today, we help clients with total transformation—inspiring complex change, enabling organizations to grow, building competitive advantage, and driving bottom-line impact.

To succeed, organizations must blend digital and human capabilities. Our diverse, global teams bring deep industry and functional expertise and a range of perspectives to spark change. BCG delivers solutions through leading-edge management consulting along with technology and design, corporate and digital ventures—and business purpose. We work in a uniquely collaborative model across the firm and throughout all levels of the client organization, generating results that allow our clients to thrive.

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