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There’s still much work to be done to reduce extreme poverty and inequality worldwide.

In recent decades, strong economic growth in some of the world’s most populous countries has significantly reduced poverty and hunger. But at the same time, more than one billion people still live in extreme poverty and huge pockets of inequality exist, with more than 70% of the world’s poorest people residing in middle-income countries. to help reduce inequality where it remains.

Three Steps to Better Sanitation

Sanitation is a crucial challenge for developing countries.

Given the rapid rate of urbanization in developing countries, emerging cities that fail to quickly respond quickly to the resulting sanitation challenge will be at a disadvantage compared to more forward-looking municipalities. Cities can act on at least three fronts:

  1. Develop solutions that go beyond sewers. A mix of decentralized and on-site solutions may be more easily scalable, economical, and better suited to local conditions.
  2. Use innovative technologies as they emerge. A number of innovative sanitation technologies are showing promise, including sanitation solutions that don’t require water.
  3. Engage the private sector to provide sanitation services. Safer sanitation products and services developed by the private sector can relieve the sanitation burden of the public sector and may also boost the overall economy.

Business Models to Fight World Hunger

Different approaches can be effective in combating hunger.

The world faces a conundrum: Even as the food supply expands every year—theoretically already providing enough to feed every person on the planet—over 800 million people in the world, or one in nine, still suffer from hunger. Achieving universal food security will require every bit of agricultural, technological, and economic innovation possible. Among the many actors working to solve this challenge, businesses will need to play a key role—not only in securing sufficient increases in food production, but also in finding novel ways to ensure that those most in need have access to an adequate diet.

Taking a differentiated view of the world's hungry allows organizations to devise tailored strategies to address the needs of people with diverse income levels. For the bottom billion, companies must devise new strategies to address their low purchasing power. The prices that the very poor can afford are often equal or below production cost and subsidies are needed to close the gap. These subsidies can be covered by different sources: external welfare organizations, other consumers, or the business itself. In this context, several models can help tailor marketing and pricing approaches to this segment.

The External Subsidy

The Cross-Consumer Subsidy

The Social Business Model

Social Impact
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