The Growth of the Global Mobile Internet Economy

Mobile Internet Contributes More than $700 Billion to Economies of 13 Major Countries

Consumers Benefit by Some $3.5 trillion a Year, or $4,000 Each, According to New BCG Report

LONDON—In 13 countries that represent about 70 percent of global GDP, the mobile Internet is already generating some $700 billion in revenues annually, the equivalent of $780 per adult, and has created employment for about 3 million people. Mobile Internet revenues will have grown to $1.55 trillion across these countries by 2017, an annual increase of 23 percent.

Revenues are growing especially quickly in developing markets, according to a report released today by The Boston Consulting Group (BCG), The Growth of the Global Mobile Internet Economy, fueled by competition among the various mobile Internet ecosystems. The resulting innovation and choice are leading to better devices and falling prices for consumers.

Revenues in India are growing at 40 percent a year, for example, and in China and Brazil they are growing at an annual rate of 25 percent (comparable to the United Sates and the EU5). Even in most mature mobile markets, such as Japan and South Korea, mobile Internet revenues are growing at 10 percent a year, much faster than overall GDP.

The new BCG report, which was commissioned by Google, examines the economic impact of the digital economy related mobile devices (such as smartphones, tablets, and wearables) and excludes economic activity generated by the broader mobile technology industry, such as revenues generated by phone calls, SMS “texting,” the manufacturing of non-Internet-enabled devices (feature phones, for example), and capital expenditures for nondigital data activities on mobile networks.

The 13 countries surveyed are Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The single largest contributor to mobile Internet revenue growth in the next several years will be the apps, content, and services component of the ecosystem, driven by the rapid expansion of mobile shopping and advertising.

Consumers are by far the biggest beneficiaries of the mobile Internet. On a per capita basis in the 13-country sample, the average consumer surplus—the perceived value that consumers themselves believe they receive over and above what they pay for devices, applications, services, and access—is about $4,000 a year, or seven times what consumers pay for devices and access. The mobile Internet’s consumer surplus across the 13 countries is approximately $3.5 trillion a year. The largest aggregate consumer surplus is in the U.S. ($827 billion), followed by China ($680 billion). On a per capita basis, consumers in Japan, Germany, France, and Australia all enjoy mobile Internet surpluses of more than $6,000 per year.

“Competition throughout the mobile Internet ecosystem is driving innovation, growth, jobs, and a continually improving experience for consumers and businesses,” said Dominic Field, a BCG partner and coauthor of the report. “Increasing mobile access everywhere is leading to new uses of the Internet—in fields from banking to education and from health care to the delivery of public services—further propelling growth. Policy makers can help keep the mobile Internet economy moving by pursuing proven policy goals that encourage continued improvement in these areas, as well as innovation, value creation, and consumer welfare and choice.”

Competition occurs at every layer of the mobile ecosystem—among service providers, enablement platforms, and companies providing apps, content, and services. Competition is particularly intense—and evolution especially fast paced—among device manufacturers and operating system companies. As recently as 2010, the BlackBerry and Symbian platforms accounted for more than half of all smartphone sales in the 13-country sample; they now represent less than 5 percent. Today, Apple's iOS, Google's Android OS, and Microsoft's Windows Phone OS are fighting for market share while keeping an eye on newer entrants, such as Amazon's Fire OS, Nokia's X platform, Xiaomi MIUI, Firefox OS, and Tizen, which are further augmenting user choice and competition. All of this leads to faster innovation, more capable devices, and lower prices.

A big part of the mobile Internet success story is the flourishing app economy. There have been more than 200 billion cumulative downloads from the various app stores since the first app was developed in 2008. More than 100 billion downloads took place in 2013 alone. Leading app-store operators paid developers more than $15 billion between June 2013 and July 2014.

“The growth of the mobile Internet economy is propelled by increasing affordability and accessibility, as well as by advances in technology and infrastructure,” said Paul Zwillenberg, a BCG partner and coauthor of the report. “The rapid advent of more affordable phones—those costing $100 or less—will drive both greater penetration and new uses.” He noted that while only about 20 percent of smartphone shipments in 2013 comprised devices priced below $100, a fast-growing array of global, local, and new-entrant manufacturers are now making affordable smartphones.

Large majorities of consumers in the 13-country sample would forgo most offline media (the one exception is TV) before losing their mobile Internet access. Two-thirds or more would give up chocolate and alcohol. More than half are willing to forgo coffee and movies. A third are willing to give up their cars, and more than a quarter would abstain from sex.

A copy of the report can be downloaded at

To arrange an interview with one of the authors, please contact Eric Gregoire at +1 617 850 3783 or

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