Employees at different life stages, who care for children or who have other home responsibilities, also have different experiences of discrimination and obstacles. Women and men who care for children experience discrimination at a higher rate than those who do not: 41% of women with children report having experienced discrimination compared with 34% of women without children, while 39% of men with children report having experienced discrimination compared to 27% of men without children. Employees with responsibility for household activities, regardless of their gender, sexuality, or ethnicity, are more exposed to discrimination in the workplace.
Our survey asked people to indicate the level of responsibility (i.e., primary, secondary, shared, some, outsourced, none) they have for household activities. These activities include being the contact for child care or elder care, grocery shopping, doing the laundry, cooking, cleaning, managing the household budget, and gardening. We aggregated the responses into an index that grouped people into high, medium, and low levels of household activity based on the number of activities for which they had primary responsibility.