Banks have been targeting customer microsegments and tailoring offers to them for decades. These capabilities, until recently, have been sufficient to help banks differentiate their institutions, build customer engagement, and gain competitive advantage. But this advantage is eroding. Banks are being leapfrogged by retailers and tech-savvy companies that put personalization at the center of their business models and successfully scale it to achieve significant performance gains.
Indeed, according to recent research, a majority of people who are either open to or actively mulling changing banks would consider banking with a tech company—such as Amazon, Facebook, or Google—if they could. This is not surprising, because such companies have spurred a desire for more customized interactions and fostered a willingness to trade data for a better experience.
The truth, however, is that banks can also deliver meaningful and powerful personalized experiences by using their existing data and everyday customer touchpoints. This, in our view, is the true promise of personalization in retail banking: being able to go beyond next-best offers and targeted marketing and create more customized, relevant end-to-end experiences for customers.
But first banks must develop a new approach to personalization and forge a fresh strategic agenda to scale it. A key initial step is to fully grasp exactly what personalization is and what it is not. Only then can banks take the actions that are necessary to compete—and win—against high-tech disruptors.
Although much of the discussion about personalization in banking focuses on marketing and next-best offers, its true potential lies in transforming all of an organization’s customer interactions by using data and analytics to anticipate individual needs, target segments of one, and build deep relationships that stand the test of time. To be sure, personalization in banking is not primarily about selling. It’s about providing service, information, and advice, often on a daily basis or even several times a day. Such interactions, as opposed to infrequent sales communications, form the crux of the customer’s banking experience. Yet many banks still tend to focus their personalization efforts on the sales arena.
Personalization at scale demands recursive learning, a single view of the customer, and a personalized curriculum (a sequence of interventions that are intended to change a customer’s behavior). These must be leveraged across all channels, products, and services.
Several consumer brands have shown the way forward. Starbucks, for example, uses a digital flywheel of rewards, partnerships, and technologies to develop relationships with millions of customers across its 7,000 stores in the US. Netflix uses personalization techniques to make movie and series recommendations. Yet while many financial institutions are conceptually on board and heavily investing, the Netflix of banking has yet to emerge. The main reason is that true end-to-end personalization requires developing new muscles—such as strong cross-channel offerings, cross-enterprise collaboration, a single view of the customer, and a new technology ecosystem—all of which are difficult to build.
Indeed, banks’ fragmented databases make it difficult to organize information and create 360-degree customer profiles. As a result, customers with different needs and propensities are sometimes offered the same products. Marketing strategies also tend to be stuck in the past, adhering to a calendar-based framework or featuring competing product lines that have to jostle for virtual shelf space. Moreover, legacy IT systems are often unable to measure responses or recommend next-best actions, while complex organization structures and silos undermine coherence and focus. As a result, although many banks are developing personalized marketing capabilities, they may be missing the more strategic opportunity for true differentiation.
Meanwhile, regulation is driving competition and increasing the threat of disintermediation. New rules such the UK’s Open Banking initiative and the European Union’s Payment Services Directive 2 are broadening access to customer data and creating an opportunity for third parties to get closer to consolidated customer account information.
Ultimately, if done well, personalization at scale can provide a direct route to lower rates of customer churn and higher sales. Conservatively speaking, it can lead to annual revenue uplifts of 10% for banks. In many ways, personalization at scale is a 21st-century approach to delivering what the banking industry lost many years ago: the ability to truly know customers, anticipate their needs, engage in a rich dialogue about their financial lives, and, as a consequence, foster loyalty that can last a lifetime.
Although personalization is gaining traction, a definition has yet to be widely accepted. The erroneous descriptions that we have seen include segmenting product offers, customizing homepage messages, and digitizing the customer journey. All of these are critical to enabling personalization, but they are not equivalents. Furthermore, delivering unique customer experiences in nondigital channels (such as branches and call centers) can be a game-changer.
True personalization is grounded in developing a deep understanding of each customer’s unique needs and orchestrating a set of tailored experiences across digital and human channels. A similar approach might be taken by a skillful sommelier who changes a wine recommendation on the basis of a customer’s tastes, mood, and resources. Personalization potentially creates a win-win scenario for banks and the customers they serve.
BCG estimates that for every $100 billion in assets that a bank has, it can achieve as much as $300 million in revenue growth by personalizing its customer interactions. We also expect personalized banking to drive material competitive advantage for first movers that embrace it over the next five years.
In practical terms, personalized banking means delivering the right individual experience through the right channel at the right time. Winning banks can rebuild trust and enable deeper and more beneficial financial relationships by using a simple equation:
Frequency of interaction x the wow factor = trust
(The wow factor reflects the impact of each interaction.) Although banking products are relatively infrequent purchases, many people do interact with their banks often by using a mobile app on a daily basis. This dynamic creates an opportunity for banks to have personalized interactions that are contextually appropriate, relevant, and valuable. And customers are certainly looking for more personal engagement. According to the Aite Group, some three-quarters of 22- to 49-year-olds say they would like to have their own virtual financial wellness coach. Other customers wish that banks were more like other types of service providers. (See Exhibit 1.) In other words, banks that offer appropriate equivalents through managed financial care services, while in the background analyzing data and orchestrating customers’ experiences effectively, are in a commanding position to assume new and helpful roles. We’ve seen banks use such personalization approaches to retain customers and win their loyalty, and the result is customers’ willingness to recommend their banks or consolidate their financial assets with these institutions, both of which have a significant impact on banks’ profits.
Personalization will also drive sales communications, although these are not the most frequent interactions. Every banking customer is unique, so bespoke services will naturally fit better than standard options. One bank has used personalization to lift branch sales productivity by more than 30%. Another institution has seen a 20% increase in revenues over three years.
Banks need to make revolutionary internal changes in order to scale personalization, driving it across the stages of customer prospecting, engagement, and retention. First and foremost, personalization at scale mandates breaking down channel and product silos and making the customer the true center of attention. It further requires implementing fundamentally new ways of working that require updating customer-centric objectives, creating customer incentives, retraining employees, hiring new talent, and building a new analytics and technology stack. Scaling personalization is extremely challenging, and many companies do not move beyond proofs of concept and technology pilots. Companies that attempt an all-at-once step-change approach to personalization at scale typically do not succeed.
Orchestration, from data marshalling through channel management and delivery, is fundamental to achieving personalization at scale. Banks should focus on orchestrating a personalization stack of tools and resources. (See Exhibit 2.)
The stack should have three core elements that form the foundation for personalization at scale in banking:
Of course, success will require more than analytics, technology, and next-best-action algorithms. Integrating personalization typically requires setting up an incubator outside of “business as usual” that is infused with new talent. It requires permitting the incubator to have its own culture—one that differs from the organization—and incentivizing staff behaviors that are typical of a digital organization: fact-based decision-making, meticulous measurement, agility, and collaboration. Given the magnitude and speed of change in the industry, traditional change management approaches typically do not yield the necessary outcomes.
Leading banks are approaching personalization as a journey, developing a vision and rolling out tangible use cases and customer experiences in waves. This requires building the stack in an iterative, use case-driven way and training new orchestration muscles. Sophistication typically increases over time. Moreover, some banks are indeed learning and changing their cultures while building a new infrastructure. Such an incremental approach helps ensure that implementation risks are managed and that measurable impact is delivered along the way.
To start scaling personalization, we recommend the following six steps:
Personalized banking is becoming a reality, with leading banks seeking to transform how they interact with customers. Banks that achieve personalization at scale stand to make significant performance gains and create a powerful barrier to disintermediation. Those institutions that seize the challenge most rapidly and deliver true end-to-end personalization will create a significant advantage over their competitors.
But time is of the essence. For those that have not already embarked on the journey, the time to act is now.