Managing Director & Partner
Since the formal declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic in March 2020, consumers, businesses, and entire industries have grown accustomed to ‘disruption’ as a normalised state of affairs. Australia has been no exception to this rule, and retail as a sector has grappled with a particularly challenging operating environment.
Australian retailers have needed to swiftly respond to evolving consumer behaviour and preferences, disrupted and unpredictable supply chains, shifting operating models, organisational gaps and talent shortages, and inflationary cost challenges, among several more topics.
As we commence 2022 in earnest, our goals in writing this perspective are twofold: (1) to share BCG’s insights on retail-specific trends that will serve to inform the ‘next normal’ and (2) outline the key strategic and operating implications that follow for our clients.
This perspective document only scratches the surface of the trends that are currently unfolding, and how businesses can successfully position for comparative advantage. We would welcome the opportunity to unpack the trends and strategic implications in conversation, together with your leadership team.
Australian Retail in 2022 | Key sector trends
Like other industries, retail in Australia is being hit by a confluence of factors that continue to shift as new COVID variants emerge and in turn consumers, markets and regulators respond.
Despite this volatility, BCG posits that seven key trends will serve to structurally shift (or in some cases continue to shift) the retail landscape in 2022, which are critical for our clients to understand. Refer to exhibit 1 for the full trend overview.
1. New Consumer behaviours post COVID-19 will stick.
COVID-19 has created many new consumer purchasing behaviours, and in several instances accelerated and cemented the adoption of existing behaviours by 2-4 years (e.g. online share of total retail sales in Australia have reached 15%, which was accelerated by 3 years). We maintain that whilst the pandemic structurally forced adjustments to consumer behaviour, these new behaviours will continue to persist even as the challenges of COVID-19 subside.
Here are a select few consumer behaviours we expect will persist strongly in 2022 (and beyond):
2. Personalisation will become ‘table-stakes’ within three years.
Personalisation has been a pervasive topic in retail boardrooms and leadership teams for the past three years or more. However, we have observed a significant
acceleration on consumer expectations for simplified, clear, excellent value personalisation offers and communication over the past 24 months.
Digital advertising has grown to a $10B+ industry in Australia, and the proliferation of information and mass- market advertising has heightened consumer frustration and lowered overall engagement with content.
In this context, leading retailers are already 12-24 months into the personalisation journey – as shown in exhibit 3 - with an end-state capability that allows for dynamic, targeted 1:1 offers, experience and communication with consumers – including such capabilities as personalised content and offers, dynamic pricing and promotions, advanced customer insights and identifiers, and real-time range curation. The requirement to invest has become more urgent, with 75% of customers now expecting retailers to understand their individual needs and expectations.
In 2022, the gap between innovative retailers and laggards will widen quickly. In fact, 80%+ of BCG’s transformation efforts in Australia today have a focus on digital and customer (incl. of personalisation use cases).
3. Leading retailers will get the omnichannel experience right.
On a relative basis, Australia has lagged other mature markets (US, UK) on eCommerce adoption and expectations of seamless omnichannel propositions. However, COVID has served to heighten consumer expectations of an integrated online and offline experience, supported by frictionless fulfillment, through click and collect and/or home delivery.
Australian retail has commenced the shift away from a single channel focus to a multi-channel proposition, that helps to meet customers where they prefer to transact (see exhibit 4). Whereas online has typically been an ‘add-on’ service, up to 65% of retailers are doubling down on effort to deliver a fully integrated experience across branding, offer, communications and value.
As omnichannel scales rapidly, we can expect significant flow on effects to the role, format and size of bricks and mortar stores, expanded abilities to leverage deep customer data, and significant reconfiguration of supply chains to cater to channel shifts.
4. ESG agendas will increase in urgency and levels of investment.
ESG agendas will be critically important in 2022, as the pandemic continues, climate predictions gain greater awareness and corporate Net Zero commitments expand in scale.
Australian consumers have increased vocal support for making a positive impact to people and our environment, and >80% convey their willingness to reduce consumption to help tackle climate change and >10% are willing to pay more (see exhibit 5).
The increased discourse on ESG, however, should be approached with a measured strategy. The translation from principled alignment to sustainable consumption into greater willingness to pay is as yet not fully proven, and investments into ESG initiatives (e.g. sustainable packaging) should be measured and staged. It will also be critical to understand core customer segments more deeply, for example ESG initiatives align much more strongly with millennials in Australia, and for repeat purchases segments such as grocery.
5. Rising costs and inflation will drive operating pressures in 2022.
We are already observing rising costs and inflationary pressures in Australia, and this is expected to be a continued theme throughout 2022. Headline inflation in the December 2021 quarter was 3.5%, compared to Australia’s 10-year average inflation of 1.9% (see exhibit 6). While this is a moderate rise compared to the 6.9% (annual) increase experienced in the United States, we can expect this to create significant pressure across retail value chains.
Retailers have grappled with increased shipping costs as overseas container prices have quadrupled in the last 12 months. While we see supply chain costs gradually unwinding as supply and demand imbalances are corrected, we expect shipping costs to remain elevated for most of 2022.
The pandemic has also magnified supply issues, and in turn, supply imbalances. As a result, certain pockets have been impacted by cost pressures, with retailers also burdened by increased raw ingredient and commodity costs. As an example, red meat prices have increased by more than 10% in the September 2021 quarter, and shortages in wooden pallets and aluminium have put price pressure on soft drinks.
6. Supply chain disruptions will persist and drive challenges across the value chain.
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered significant and widespread supply chain disruptions. These disruptions have been caused by a combination of factors including port congestion, limitations in cargo space, container and pallet shortages, and labour constraints. Service levels have decreased across the entire value chain, with a decrease of up to 7pp on shelf availability at the peak of the pandemic.
Both structural and cyclical supply chain disruptions will endure in 2022.
7. The race to attract and retain top retail talent continues.
In Australia, COVID-19 has rapidly evolved the workplace, expectations on Employee Value Proposition (EVP) and the relative bargaining power between employers / employees. In 2022, Australian retailers will struggle to attract and retain the best talent, with pronounced challenges in key roles (for example, data scientists and category managers).
Getting the EVP right in 2022 will be essential. Our experience shows that new EVPs must accommodate for and prioritise newly emerging employee preferences (see exhibit 7).
Implications for Australian Retail in 2022
We expect 2022 will shape up to be a year of continued disruptions resulting in a host of challenges as well as fantastic opportunities for Australian retailers. As we look ahead, it is important that retailers prepare for the ‘next normal’, think boldly, continuously innovate, and strengthen core operations to adapt to this context.
Naturally, every retailer will face a unique set of strategic, operating and financial questions it must address. However, we posit there are three core topics that it will be critical for all retailers to consider and respond to during 2022: (1) becoming an advanced analytics-led organisation, (2) building a refreshed, customer-led offer and (3) developing a resilient operating model for the future as viewed in exhibit 8.
World class analytics
Over the past 3-5 years, Advanced Analytics (AA) solutions have scaled and developed considerably to provide greater processing power, storage, and more mature predictive insight technologies. Together with heightened Consumer expectations and increased eCommerce transacting, this creates the right breeding ground for rapid innovation and capability build.
Leading retailers (globally and locally) have begun investing with urgency into digital transformations, and we are seeing this first-hand with our client partners. At this stage, this is no longer the territory of ‘first movers’ but becoming a table stakes investment into future-proofing the business.
As the AA journey requires significant capital and capability builds, the way to ‘win’ is to start small and iterate. It will be critical to galvanise the organisation around AA becoming central to how decisions are made, and to develop a very deliberate sequence of use cases (aka programmatic efforts) that helps to fund the journey and unlock priority customer outcomes as shown in exhibit 9.
The AA investment can unlock significant benefits of 10-15%+ sales uplift, 500bps+ margin expansion, 5-10% labour savings (and redeployment), and 15-20%+ increase in supply chain efficiencies. This is compounded further when AA use cases are unlocked across the full value chain: customer experience, category management, upstream operations and in-store execution.
Customer-led offer reset
Customer preferences have evolved much faster than typical BAU assortment review and product development cycles. As a result, many retailers are out of sync with the latest preferences, category winners and losers and they are yet to reset category management fundamentals (e.g. pricing strategies) in response to the shift.
As retailers consider this imperative, we believe there are three core components that require addressing (1) getting the core offer right, (2) building a clear omnichannel proposition that gets products and services to customers, and (3) making and keeping clear customer ‘promises’ as seen in exhibit 10.
Operating model of the future
We recommend three areas of focus on the future operating model: (1) cost leadership and holistic controls, (2) supply chain resilience and flexible models, and (3) right talent and capabilities.
Cost leadership: Inflationary pressures as well as capital requirements for growth agendas (e.g. advanced analytics, omnichannel propositions) require unlocking funds via cost excellence. This requires a leadership- sponsored shift in cost controls, spanning holistic vendor management programs, setting up cost review processes and analytics (e.g. on commodity prices and vendor contracts), and driving harder on procurement programs, particularly for Goods Not for Resale (GNFR).
Supply chain resilience: In the short term, companies can establish proactive supplier management, active risk management, and expand their contingency inventory. In the medium term, retailers can diversify their supplier base for core items both with regards to suppliers and geography. In the long term, businesses must appreciate and understand all elements of their supply chain, which is where digital supply chains become critical. Control towers – effectively an integrated dashboard of events and information across the entire supply chain - can provide visibility and help companies understand their risks and exposure levels, AI can support simulation and scenario analysis, and digital twins can virtually replicate an entire supply chain. For retailers, visibility is flexibility.
Right talent & capabilities: As retailers expand omnichannel offers, add more digital and AA use cases to core processes, there will be a significant in the requires capabilities and talent to run the new organisation. This requires a rapid look now at key roles and functions that will require rebalancing – e.g. the addition of data scientists or eCommerce or user experience specialists. In a talent-constrained environment, this will require longer lead times.
As discussed, we believe several trends will serve to create a disruptive and dynamic environment for Australian retailers in 2022: new and sticky customer behaviours, expectations for personalisation and an omnichannel offer, increasing prominence of the ESG agenda, rising costs and inflationary pressures, persistent supply chain disruptions and a war on top retail talent.
In this context, building a strategy that is bold, favours innovation and addresses the core business profitability is essential. As discussed, we recommend three core areas of focus that it will be critical for all retailers to consider and respond to during 2022: (1) becoming an Advanced Analytics-led organisation, (2) building a refreshed, customer-led offer and (3) developing a resilient operating model for the future.