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Defense and Security

Defense and security institutions are under pressure to protect citizens from ever-expanding threats while grappling with rising costs, updating tech, and operational challenges. BCG’s defense consulting team helps clients boost both their effectiveness and efficiency.

For defense and security agencies worldwide, doing more with less has never been more difficult. They must keep raising the bar in an operating environment awash in fresh challenges.

Defense and security institutions turn to BCG to surmount these challenges because of our extensive experience in both the private and public sectors. We excel at tailoring private-sector best practices to our defense and security clients’ unique circumstances to help them achieve impressive outcomes—such as improved equipment reliability, vital operating-model innovation, and significant run rate savings.

Our Approach to Defense Consulting

We bring a powerful suite of offerings to each defense and security client:

  • Acquisition Excellence. Growing supplier margins paired with budget pressures have reconfigured the defense supply chain. Our defense consulting teams bring powerful tools and approaches as well as deep insights into supplier economics—drawn from more than 240 projects—to help government agencies boost their procurement prowess.
  • Digital Innovation. We help defense and security organizations sharpen their competitive advantage by deploying the right digital solutions. These solutions enable them to supercharge their operational efficiency and to harness data analytics so that they can make better and more effective business decisions.
  • Sustainment Modernization. Reinforcing capabilities such as smart maintenance, lean logistics, and strategic optimization, our systematic approach maximizes the availability of public-sector security systems and military industry personnel during operations. To accomplish this, we help clients strengthen their understanding of cost drivers, draw on predictive analytics, and capture synergies through international cooperation to reduce the costs and boost the availability of ready-to-use equipment.
  • Space. BCG is a trusted adviser to the world’s leading players in the space industry across the full value stream and with both industry and government, offering a qualified perspective on critical challenges. We help government agencies stand up new space organizations, commercialize activities, and spur industry while supporting merger and acquisition strategies and public- and private-sector partnerships.
  • Cybersecurity and Digital Risk. Our involvement in international standards, policies, and regulations, paired with academic and industry product research, gives us unique insights into the arena of cyber defense. Our cyber services—including our framework for evaluating the effectiveness of cyber defense tools—have attracted attention from the most technologically advanced security enterprises.
  • Artificial Intelligence. BCG is an authority on the use of AI in the public sector, publishing studies on government applications and benchmarking public sentiment on AI use. Our defense and security clients draw on our expertise to create usage frameworks for AI and to develop implementation and training strategies.
  • Organizational Transformation. Our defense consulting teams support the development of new agencies and the restructuring of existing ones by tailoring commercial best practices to the public sector. Core areas of expertise include organization design, agility, strategic workforce planning, and talent management—all of which help clients attract, retain, and develop high-value defense personnel.

Our Client Work in Defense and Security


Our Defense and Security Solutions

Empowering Governments to Buy Smarter in Defense

Acquisition and Contracting Excellence (ACE) Tool

This web platform enables our defense industry clients to swiftly evaluate proposals and manage end-to-end product procurement. Clients use this tool to uncover and maximize savings opportunities, which average roughly 20%; access commercial benchmarks and best practices; and achieve best-value negotiation success—negotiation preparation processes have been accelerated by as much as 30%.


Contractor Pricing Analysis Approach

We help defense industry clients secure the most reasonable prices from suppliers over time by replacing an overreliance on use of actuals with three alternative best practices.

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Cost Transparency Approach

BCG’s four-step cost transparency approach facilitates better budget management by enabling defense and security decision makers to rapidly uncover cost management insights.

Explore Our Insights on Defense and Security

Cultivating Transformation: The Defense Culture Shift - Part I

Defense organizations face a challenge in recruiting and retaining talent amidst a rapidly changing geopolitical landscape and evolving workplace dynamics. In part one of the podcast, our experts discuss the importance of cultural change in the armed forces and the implications for responding effectively to this challenge.

Cultivating Transformation: The Defense Culture Shift - Part II

Cultural change is difficult for many organizations, and can be particularly difficult for armed forces. In part two of the podcast, our experts discuss the key components of successful cultural transformations and how these can be successfully implemented in a defense context.

Meet Our Defense Consulting Experts

We staff our defense and security consulting projects with highly qualified personnel, many of whom have direct experience in defense and security agencies. Here are some of our team members.

Meet more of our Defense & Security experts

Highly Qualified External Senior Advisers

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